Recently, with the theme of "the era of agitation, innovation and change" Lieyunwang 2021 annual venture awards officially closed, the list selection results were officially released. According to the comprehensive enterprise scale, development status, market prospect, financing progress and other indicators, Carbonstop stood out among thousands of participating innovative enterprises and institutions, and won the "annual TOP10 most influential innovative enterprises in carbon neutral field" in 2021. Founded in March 2011, Carbonstop is a leading software and consulting service provider focused on carbon emissions management in China. Based on the one-stop carbon management platform Carbon Cloud SaaS and more than 100,000 carbon emission factor databases, Carbonstop provides carbon management solutions for more than 1,000 enterprises and institutions, including more than 100 domestic and foreign fortune 500 companies and the world's top institutions. Carbonstop has the most senior carbon management consultants and excellent product design and development team in the field of carbon management, most of the team members are overseas students. Professionalism, growth and creativity are the core competitiveness of the Carbonstop team. Carbonstop has always been committed to low-carbon efforts. Every product has a carbon footprint, so that consumers have the opportunity to choose more low-carbon products, and enterprises provide more low-carbon products and services to meet consumers' increasingly sustainable consumption requirements. In 2021, Carbonstop obtained A round of financing of 50 million yuan. Hillhouse and Matrix China jointly participated in this round of financing. As the national "dual carbon" target was proposed last year, local governments have successively issued relevant fixed measures, including specific measures on the path to achieve carbon neutrality, energy conservation and emission reduction, energy substitution, technological upgrading, and ecological carbon sequestration. By 2021, the state will include "carbon peak and carbon neutrality" as a key task in the first year of the "14th Five-Year Plan". Positive factors will soon spread to the capital market. In the secondary market, "carbon neutrality" concept stocks have already become dazzling stars, while in the primary market, according to public data statistics, In the past six months, the investment scale reached a record high (40.529 billion yuan), and the supply of punctuation was in short supply. It is foreseeable that with the development and application of technology, in the near future, enterprises with innovative models in the field of carbon neutrality will come to the fore. Based on this, Lieyunwang launched the selection of "TOP10 most influential innovative enterprises in carbon neutral field" in 2021. Lieyunwang annual venture award selection since held, hundred class list released in six years, up thousands of new business and capital power, many of them have become a new force of China's new economy industry, they not only grow up to be a star company, star, more become the darling of the capital market and the power to change the industry. This award is the recognition and affirmation of the innovation ability of Carbonstop technology by industry experts and colleagues. In the future, Carbonstop will also be based on the present, and continue to add impetus to the low-carbon transformation of Chinese enterprises, inject new vitality into China's dual carbon goals and sustainable development, and work with all industries to create a zero carbon future!
Recently, Carbonstop completed the carbon accounting and carbon neutralization implementation of SKP, a top fashion department store, and issued a carbon neutralization certificate for it. Thus was born China's first carbon-neutral mall. The news, caused the industry from all walks of life wide attention, dozens of mainstream media rushed to report, spread sound volume coverage of the entire network. Carbon peak and carbon neutral has become a global consensus, and China has made the solemn commitment and overall plan of the "3060". To achieve carbon peak and carbon neutrality is undoubtedly an extensive and profound systematic change, as well as a historical responsibility. SKP has been the mall with the highest annual sales volume in Mainland China for eight consecutive years. In 2020, it created an annual sales volume of 17.7 billion yuan, surpassing Harrods for the first time, and completed the magnificent transformation from "China's store king" to "global store king". After turning around, SKP began to realize the necessity of carbon emission reduction and carbon neutrality in the industry, and began to actively explore a new low-carbon model for the industry. SKP is fully aware that carbon peak and carbon neutrality is a complex and systematic project. Only by actively fulfilling corporate social responsibility and taking joint actions with numerous partners to fully implement the requirements and objectives of the "dual carbon" goal, can we effectively cope with the crisis and challenges brought by climate change. So how does Carbonstop help SKP achieve carbon neutrality and provide strong momentum for it to explore green and low-carbon development of retail industry? Back in June, SKP signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Carbonstop. Based on the pioneering "CREOS" carbon neutral path and combined with its carbon management SaaS platform, Carbonstop provides Carbon emission accounting and carbon neutral path planning solutions for SKP, ultimately helping SKP complete carbon neutral and leading the new model of green and low-carbon development in the retail industry. CREOS carbon neutral path: 1)To improve your carbon emission data management skills by building a professional team and using tools to calculate your carbon emissions, to know your carbon footprint, to find your core carbon reduction links and space; 2)Reducing: Identify technical solutions with significant emission reduction effects or great potential based on the business patterns of their own industries, so that they can transform passivity into initiative in the carbon neutral large-scale industry track; 3) Engaging: In addition to its own emission reduction, if there is an opportunity to drive stakeholders to participate in emission reduction actions, this is the real end of carbon neutrality for most industries; 4)Offsetting: unavoidable emissions can be offset through high-quality carbon reduction projects or carbon sink projects; 5)Spreading: Since carbon neutrality has become an established trend, sooner or later, it is better to act early and speak out early to win the best communication opportunity and brand influence. From the business scene, to create a carbon neutral one-stop solution No quantification, no management; No regulation, no carbon neutrality. Under this concept, Carbonstop help SKP to quantify carbon emissions in a professional and rigorous way. At the same time, Carbonstop also provides SKP with scenario-centric emission reduction planning based on its insight into enterprise business scenarios. Carbonstop has developed a series of emission reduction plans and plans for office scenes, travel and commuting scenes, dining scenes and new projects, and has integrated low carbon into its corporate culture. With the help of Carbonstop, SKP has gradually explored a new model of carbon neutrality in retail industry that suits its own characteristics. We will encourage our partners to work together to create a green and low-carbon future By virtue of its huge economic size (market share) and development speed in physical retail, as well as its huge influence in the fashion field, SKP passes more and more green and low-carbon intentions to brand partners. While achieving its own carbon neutral, SKP is also struggling to dig, constantly absorbing more carbon neutral in carbon peak areas to actively explore the great partners, and constantly improve many partners by means of win-win whole process of green low carbon, for double and global climate governance to achieve the goal of carbon provide strong driving force. This coincides with the "Engaging" in "CREOS" proposed by Carbonstop. In the future, SKP will further bring carbon peak carbon neutrality into the overall layout of the company, and take the road of high-quality development of ecological priority, green and low-carbon. It will continue to lead the global fashion and retail industry to make steady progress, and at the same time lead the industry to actively explore low-carbon practices. While fulfilling corporate social responsibility, it will drive more partners to accelerate the pace of carbon neutrality. ... SKP is an important milestone in the practice of Carbonstop in the brick-and-mortar retail industry. Carbonstop will continue to bring the ultimate carbon management solutions to the retail industry, help drive the global fashion and retail industry to explore low-carbon practices, and actively promote the realization of carbon peak and carbon neutrality on schedule. SKP SKP is a high-end fashion department store brand under Beijing Hualian Group. Since its opening in 2007, SKP has become one of the most iconic fashion and luxury department stores in the world. In 2020, the sales volume of SKP, the main store of Beijing Huamao Center, reached 17.7 billion yuan, surpassing Harrods of Britain for the first time and becoming the most eye-catching physical department store in the world.
Carbonstop has signed up to the UN Supported Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI) as a service provider, It is the first carbon management software and consulting service provider in China to participate in the program. Founded by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and launched on the New York Stock Exchange in 2006, The Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI) is an international investor network composed of asset owners, asset managers and service providers around the world, committed to developing sustainable financial systems around the world. UNPRI aims to help investors understand the impact of Environment, Society and Governance (" ESG ") factors on investment value, and to support signatories to incorporate ESG issues into investment and ownership decisions, thus contributing to the process of global sustainable development. UNPRI encourages all parties to adopt and cooperate in implementing the Six Principles, improve corporate governance, integrity and accountability, and work with signatories to build a sustainable global financial system by removing barriers to market operation, structure and regulation. Principle 1: Integrate ESG issues into the investment analysis and decision-making process Principle 2: Be an active owner and incorporate ESG issues into ownership policies and practices Principle 3: Seek appropriate disclosure of ESG issues by subvented entities Principle 4: Promote the acceptance and implementation of the principles by the investment industry Principle 5: Work together to improve the effectiveness of the implementation of the principles Principle 6: Report on activities and progress in implementing the principle At present, PRI has 4,506 signatories worldwide, including 3,363 investment institutions, 659 asset owners, and more than 484 service providers. Among the 17 service providers in China, Carbonstop is the first carbon emission management and software service provider. Under the dual carbon background, ESG will become an important component of enterprise value in the future, and the enterprise's carbon management ability will become a key indicator to measure THE performance of ESG. As a pioneer in the field of carbon management, Carbonstop is the first to join UNPRI. With its innate digital and carbon management "genes", Carbonstop provides one-stop carbon emission informatization solutions for enterprises and improves their carbon disclosure level. Carbonstop launched Ccloud, a SaaS platform for carbon management Adhering to the "no quantitative, no management; Without management, there will be no carbon neutral "business philosophy, Carbonstop will use technology and innovation to boost the digital transformation of enterprises, and contribute to China's green and low-carbon development. Yan Luhui, CEO of Carbonstop, said, "It is meaningful to join UNPRI to compete with the world's top enterprises and institutions to show their determination and path to achieve the" dual carbon goal ". In the future, Carbonstop is looking forward to cooperating with more enterprises and institutions to lead the way of low-carbon development in the future and join us in "3060".
目前，国有企业在我国的支柱性产业中处于支配地位，大部分国有企业具有“重资产”特征，碳排放量大，是重点排放单位。国有企业既是碳排放主体，又是实现碳中和愿景、发展低碳技术的主体，应当在实现“双碳”目标中担当主力军的角色。 2021年11月27日，国资委印发了《关于推进中央企业高质量发展做好碳达峰碳中和工作的指导意见》（以下简称《意见》）。《意见》强调了国有企业应当在推进国家碳达峰、碳中和中发挥示范引领作用，形成绿色低碳核心竞争优势，为国家顺利实现碳中和目标作出积极贡献。 作为企业低碳转型中的有力武器，建设碳排放管理机制至关重要。那么，国有企业如何建设行之有效的碳排放管理机制呢？ 根据《意见》，中央企业“建立完善碳排放管理机制”，要从提升自身碳排放管理能力、碳交易管理能力与绿色金融支撑能力展开。 01 打破信息孤岛，实现“碳数据”的整合共享 企业碳排放管理的核心是及时准确地统计、监测、报告、披露碳排放数据。 然而，在实际工作中，不少企业内的碳排放数据分散在生产、运营、化验、采购、财务等各个部门，各部门系统以“碎片化”的形式独立存在，集成度不足，数据无法充分共享，因此成为一个个“信息孤岛”。 因此，要提升企业碳排放管理能力，需要在企业内部实现系统集成、数据共享，进行动态监测，多维度分析，提高数据分析的实时性和可视化。最终实现高效、准确、低成本的排放数据管理体系。 02 积极参与碳交易，形成低碳发展的良性循环 重点排放单位碳交易管理的目的是以合理成本完成履约、实现资产的保值增值、最终促进企业的低碳发展。提升碳交易管理能力的基础是碳排放管理，在此基础上企业需根据配额盈缺情况和市场价格等信息，决定相关的交易策略。 其次，企业需对碳交易相关政策、法规及交易规则不断跟踪与更新，形成碳市场价格预警机制，并通过后续交易行为不断反馈和更新碳价预警。 最后，企业还应结合交易策略和预警机制，在交易流程上制定相应管理制度，确保顺利实施碳交易操作。企业还可以根据碳交易市场的价格和自身节能减排活动的成本，选择最有利的发展路径，实现低成本高效率的低碳转型。 03“以数降碳”，创建碳排放管理平台 在数字化浪潮与碳中和目标协行的大背景下，用数字化手段去降低企业碳排放，或许是当代企业实现低碳转型与可持续发展的最有效路径之一。 而创建碳排放管理信息化平台是“以数降碳”的基础。企业集团建立碳排放管理信息化平台，有助于解决企业在碳排放管理、碳交易信息查询等方面的“刚需痛点”，是提升国有企业碳排放管理和碳交易能力的具体抓手。 一方面，平台可通过最新的信息化技术和系统集成手段，高效收集、汇总、分析集团下属企业、各个部门之间的排放数据，专业的碳排放管理咨询和管理软件公司在协助企业建设碳排放管理平台的过程中，能够促进和协助企业完善管理制度和流程，有效提升企业的碳排放管理水平。 另一方面，碳排放管理信息化平台与专业的碳排放管理咨询公司合作，可关联最新的碳交易政策、法规和市场价格信息，为企业制订满足自身需要的交易策略提供参考。 国有企业低碳转型势在必行。作为碳管理领域的领军企业，碳阻迹深入贯彻落实“双碳”战略，凭借多年的碳管理行业经验以及数字化技术，现已服务中煤、中海油、中石油、中国机场建设集团等多家国资国企，助推国有企业低碳转型与行业可持续发展。 未来，在数字化技术与碳管理先进方法的加持下，国有企业必将成为实现“双碳”目标的重要力量。
近日，在碳圈最受关注的消息莫过于全国碳市场第一个履约周期顺利结束。 根据上海能源环境交易所2021年12月31日发布的消息，全国碳市场第一个履约周期顺利结束。自2021年7月16日正式启动上线交易以来，全国碳市场累计运行114个交易日，碳排放配额（CEA）累计成交量1.79亿吨，按履约量计，履约完成率为99.5%。 来源：生态环境部网站 据统计，全国碳市场第一个履约周期共纳入发电行业重点排放单位2162家，年覆盖温室气体排放量约45亿吨二氧化碳。去年12月31日收盘价为54.22元/吨，较首日开盘价上涨13%。 来源：生态环境部网站 全国碳市场在首个履约期结束之际，获得了“高分”。总体来看，全国碳市场作为控制和减少温室气体排放，推动实现碳达峰、碳中和重要政策工具的作用得以初步显现。”生态环境部新闻发言人刘友宾表示道。 “高分”背后却是配额的供不应求 根据99.5%的履约完成率计算可知，未清缴的配额数量约为2250万吨，占配额成交量的12.6%。假设全国碳市场的配额分配大体平衡，且交易配额完全用于企业履约，那么就有一些配额缺口企业未能购买到足够配额，而某些配额富余企业却在惜售碳配额。 其实，政府主管部门对于配额惜售现象早已有所预见。 2021年10月26日，生态环境部发布《关于做好全国碳排放权交易市场第一个履约周期碳排放配额清缴工作的通知》，要求各地确保2021年12月15日17时前本行政区域95%的重点排放单位完成履约。 根据北京绿色交易所和上海环境能源交易所公布的CCER交易数据，估算用于全国碳市场第一履约期的CCER为1650万吨，占配额总量的0.4%，远低于CCER抵销配额清缴比例（5%），现有备案的CCER数量还不能满足全部抵消配额的需求。 关于CCER的那些事儿 CCER（Chinese Certified Emission Reduction）指的是中国核证自愿碳减排量，自愿减排项目减少的温室气体排放量经由国家发改委按照严格的程序核证后，产生CCER，此后CCER就固化为企业的碳资产。 关于CCER的作用，首先，CCER可作为清缴配额用于履约，抵消企业部分实际排放量，因而具有市场交易价值。但CCER项目在开发之前，是需要通过专业的咨询机构对项目进行评估，判断该项目是否可以开发为CCER项目，主要依据是评估该项目是否符合国家主管部门备案的CCER方法学的适用条件以及是否满足额外性论证的要求。 此外，CCER项目的开发流程在很大程度上沿袭了CDM项目的框架和思路，主要包括六个步骤，依次是：项目文件设计、项目审定、项目备案、项目实施与监测、减排量核查与核证、减排量签发。 碳阻迹助力企业“点绿成金” 随着全国碳市场的有序推进，积极参与碳交易已经成为企业降低碳排放成本，提高碳减排收益的有效手段。 但实际上，不少受制于国内碳市场的发展水平，缺少碳资产管理能力，无法将手中的碳资产价值最大化，甚至还造成碳资产的浪费。 那么，企业到底该如何积极参与碳交易，在百万亿级双碳赛道中“点绿成金”呢？ 具体来讲，重点排放单位完成履约是自身应当承担义务，企业应当积极采取措施，努力提高自身碳排放管理、碳交易、碳资产配置和获取碳市场信息的能力，最终实现企业的可持续发展。 而减排项目的实施企业，应紧密跟踪国家相关政策，特别是CCER项目开发的相关政策，结合自身实际情况，为全国碳排放权交易市场供应高质量的减排量，支撑全国碳市场的稳定运行，并且可实现自身额外的减排收益。 作为国内领先的碳管理SaaS和咨询服务提供商，碳阻迹打造了产品碳足迹、企业碳核算、企业碳管理、绿色会议产品、个人碳账户五大板块，组成智能一体化碳管理SaaS服务平台，能够显著提高企业的碳排放管理能力，包括数据管理、碳资产管理、管理体系建设、能力建设等功能模块，实现高效低碳转型。 值得一提的是，碳阻迹的咨询团队具有丰富的CCER项目开发经验，能够为企业提供CCER项目前期评估、CCER项目开发全流程管理、撮合交易等专业服务，为企业参与碳交易保驾护航，并为全国碳市场下一个碳市场实现100%履约而努力。
中国政府近期承诺的2060碳中和目标引起了全球的热议，尽管还有些许杂音，但总体来说全球纷纷对中国提出碳中和目标表示赞赏，认为是一个很有雄心的气候目标。 然而围绕中国的碳中和目标，很多企业、公众甚至许多低碳从业者仍然有许多疑惑和不解，例如中国提的碳中和目标对企业意味着什么，中国提出的碳中和目标到底是仅指二氧化碳还是所有的温室气体等等。 一直想写一篇文章来谈谈我们对中国碳中和的理解，终于等到春节假期可以静下来读一些资料，做一些思考，写一些文字。今天的分享内容包括我们对“碳中和”的理解，“碳中和”的What，Why，How的全面解读；包括对“碳中和”的几个疑问的解答；以及最重要的企业端应当如何提出自己的“碳中和”目标并且付诸实施。 一、什么是碳中和 Question 1: 中国的碳中和到底是指二氧化碳还是所有温室气体的碳中和？ 这个问题相信困惑了不少行业内外关心碳中和的人，笔者春节前后也跟一些低碳领域的顶级专家做了一番沟通，包括联合国气候变化大会的中国谈判代表以及参与制定国家2060碳中和目标的领导专家等，大家的说法尽管略有差异，但总体来看基本是一致： 中国提的碳中和目标到底是仅指二氧化碳还是所有温室气体，这个边界还是比较模糊的，可能还会继续模糊一阵子，但中国接下来要采取的碳中和实现路径是要按照所有温室气体，等到合适的时间中国应该会宣布更加明确、更加有雄心的目标：中国在2060年前实现所有温室气体的净零排放。参照全球达成的《巴黎协定》，全球需要在本世纪下半叶实现温室气体源的人为排放与汇的人为清除之间的平衡，中国的碳中和目标也是需要对标《巴黎协定》，也就是说中国提出的碳中和目标也是将实现所有温室气体的净零排放。那么，这里又引出第二个问题： Question 2: 碳中和、净零排放以及气候中性是什么关系？ 关于碳中和相关的名词很多，碳中和、净零排放、气候中性等，究竟他们各自代表什么意义，笔者谈一谈我们自己的理解。首先这三个概念的核心内容基本是一致的，都是指需要实现碳排放（这里碳排放可以仅指CO2，或者所有Greenhouse Gases）的正负抵消，都是为了应对全球变暖和气候变化的挑战设定的可操作可量化的目标。 从全球各国发布的“碳中和”承诺来看，有提出“碳中和（carbon neutrality）目标，如中国和美国加州；也有提出净零排放目标（net zero emission），如欧盟和美国；也有些国家提出“气候中性或气候中立目标（climate neutrality）”，如奥地利、匈牙利等。 《IPCC1.5度特别报告》里对这几个名词的做了定义，这也是目前关于这几个名词的最权威的定义。结合IPCC报告里的权威定义，笔者加入了一些自己的理解和通俗化表达： 尽管名称说法不一致，内容也有细微差异，但笔者认为以上几个名词基本可以理解为一个意思，用“碳中和”作为标准化的统称也是合理的，从传播的角度更适于用“碳中和”这个名称。这就类似于人们习惯用“碳排放”来指代所有温室气体，用CO2e作为温室气体的当量。 按照上述思路，近期碳阻迹团队也修改了一下维基和百度上对碳中和的定义和描述（也征询了行业权威专家的意见），使其更加严谨（例如需明确到底是二氧化碳还是所有温室气体的碳中和；碳中和的主体应更加全面，碳中和现在可以是国家、企业、产品、活动以及个人等主体形式），希望可以给社会一个统一、准确和严谨的“碳中和”定义。目前的版本如下：碳中和是指国家、企业、产品、活动或个人在一定时间内直接或间接产生的二氧化碳或温室气体排放总量，通过植树造林、节能减排等形式，以抵消自身产生的二氧化碳或温室气体排放量，实现正负抵消，达到相对“零排放”。 二、为什么要碳中和 在谈论我们为什么要做碳中和这个话题前，首先我们要知道一个基本共识：联合国政府间气候变化专门委员会（IPCC）测算，若实现《巴黎协定》2℃控温目标，全球必须在2050年达到二氧化碳净零排放（又称“碳中和”），即每年二氧化碳排放量等于其通过植树等方式减排的抵消量；在2067年达到温室气体净零排放（又称“温室气体中和或气候中性”），即除二氧化碳外，甲烷等温室气体的排放量与抵消量平衡。 2021年1月，世界气象组织宣布2020年全球平均气温约为14.9℃，较工业化前水平高出1.2℃，留给我们的温升空间已经不多了，如果温升超过2℃，地球和人类将面临不可逆的气候灾难，这就是我们需要碳中和的原因！ 虽然“碳中和”早在2006年就已经成为牛津字典当年的年度词汇，但当时也只是昙花一现，近些年，“碳中和”在国际社会，至少在中国仍然是非常小众的群体关注的词汇。而这种状况持续到2020年9月，笔者认为直到两个人的出现，碳中和才获得了真正的破圈传播。 第一个人就是中国国家主席习近平，近5个月里主席在各种国际国内场合讲了八次中国要在2060年实现碳中和。从2020年9月22日的联合国大会上第一次宣布中国的2030碳达峰、2060碳中和目标（国际国内社会感觉都被打了一个措手不及，按照中国之前这些年在联合国气候大会上的风格，都会提出类似于碳强度减排这样被国际社会认为“不痛不痒”的目标，而这次直接提出这么具体且极具雄心的碳中和年份目标，属实让人意外），到后面每次国际大会上更加坚定的重申碳中和目标，让我们感觉到中国在“碳中和”这件事情上将“说到做到”、“言出必行”。 （习近平主席近5个月八次提到中国的2060碳中和目标） 其中，2020年12月18日的中央经济工作会议上，“碳中和”被列为2021年度国家八大重点任务之一，与扩大内需、反垄断以及粮食安全等问题并列，这体现了国家对“碳中和”的高度重视以及对“碳中和”目标纳入执行阶段的态度和决心。 （中央经济工作会议上确定的2021中国八大重点任务） 而第二个给“碳中和”带来破圈传播的人，笔者认为是罗振宇。今年的跨年演讲上，罗振宇把碳中和作为一个重要的话题进行了传播。笔者倒不认为这场活动本身直接影响了多少人开始关注“碳中和”，但认为这种活动、这场活动将“碳中和”作为重要议题本身就是一个具有里程碑意义的事件。同时，笔者也认为罗振宇以通俗的语言和方式让普通老百姓能听明白什么是“碳中和”，这种方式效果非常好。“碳中和”带来的社会变革是彻底性的，所有的行业都要发生根本性的变革，这已经是一副摊在桌上的“明牌”，我们这代人全部都在牌桌上。还没有看过这个关于碳中和跨年演讲的可以这里看一下。 三、如何提出和实现碳中和 对于中国，或者任何一个国家要实现碳中和，主体都是企业。企业如何实现碳中和，是今天讨论的关键。 目前也有不少企业提出了自己的碳中和目标，碳阻迹团队近期也收集到全球有200多个企业提出了碳中和的目标。 （微信小程序搜索：碳智汇，进入碳中和模块，选择企业碳中和） 这里列举几个耳熟能详的企业，亚马逊提出2040年实现碳中和；雀巢提出2050年实现碳中和；IBM计划在2030年前实现碳中和。 微软提出2030负排放，并且计划于2050年清除掉微软公司自成立以来所有的排放（微软是笔者所知全球为数不多的提出要中和掉自身历史所有排放的企业，另外一家是丹麦的Velux要中和掉1941年成立以来所有的碳排放）。今天微软中国可持续负责人也恰巧来碳阻迹的1.5℃会议室聊微软和碳阻迹在低碳领域的合作，交谈中深刻感觉到微软在可持续发展领域的领先理念以及诸多的低碳具体实践，也觉得这与微软公司的创始人比尔盖茨的低碳理念也密切相关，恰巧最近比尔盖茨刚刚发布新书：《如何避免气候灾难》。 （微软中国可持续负责人来碳阻迹1.5℃会议室交流可持续碳中和领域的合作） 另一家在碳中和领域提出非常有雄心的目标的企业是苹果。苹果公司宣布将于2030年实现苹果所有产品的碳中和（这又是一个非常有雄心的目标，产品的碳中和意味着苹果的所有供应商基本都要实现碳中和，这将是多大的品牌号召力才能撬动供应商企业的彻底的低碳转型，或许也只有苹果这样的公司可以做到。） Question 3:企业应该如何提出自己的碳中和目标，需要考虑哪些要素？ 经过对大多数提出碳中和的企业分析以及近期给企业服务的案例，碳阻迹团队提炼出了企业提出碳中和目标的法则：CFOS法则 1，Calculating（计算）：不管任何行业的企业要制定自己的碳中和目标，第一步永远都是需要量化自己的碳排放， 摸清碳家底。清楚地知道自己的碳排放现状以及在行业中所处的位置之后，才有可能有的放矢地采取减排措施，为提出碳中和目标打下坚实的基础。 2，Forecasting（预测）：有了碳的基础数据后，企业就需要关注并预测碳中和目标相关的几个核心要素： 1）国家或地区层面未来整体减碳的力度：这属于重要的外部因素，随着国家层面大力推进非化石能源，每度电的碳排放也将随之下降，这对企业提出碳中和目标是一个利好（可以自动减少企业产生的scope2的碳排放量）；将来如果中国的企业可以自由选择给自己发电的来源，或者自己投资可再生能源发电供自身使用，这又是另一个利好）。 2）企业自身未来业务发展的趋势：企业提出碳中和目标需要预测未来几年甚至几十年行业和企业自身发展的状况，预测公司业务的增长及对应的碳排放的增长。这里延伸一个问题，很多中国企业开始在考虑提出科学碳目标，但过程中遇到一个实际的问题，企业要发展，排放要增加，而科学碳目标更多鼓励企业绝对碳排放的减排则让企业感觉到很大的压力，担心提出目标后很难完成，或者为了完成碳减排目标影响了企业的业务发展，而碳中和目标在当前状态下似乎更适合中国的企业，毕竟成本可控。 3）碳减排的成本：企业需要预测自身开展减碳项目的实际成本。这里跟碳市场有一定关联，控排企业在配额短缺的情况下，一般有两种选择，一种是会考虑主动采取节能减排措施（比起购买碳市场的配额或CCER更便宜），另一种就是选择直接碳市场购买配额或CCER（比起节能减排的成本更低）。如果企业提出了碳中和目标的情况下，选择碳市场购买配额或者CCER的方式实现碳市场的履约，则意味着企业本身减排的行动减弱了，那做碳中和需要抵消的碳排放量就会相对较高，碳中和的成本则会更高。 4）碳中和的成本：在采取了充分的减碳措施之后，企业不可避免的那部分排放将通过抵消的方式实现碳中和，这部分抵消的成本也是企业需要预测的，一般来说种树或者购买核证碳减排量的成本在几元到几十元不等，选择经济又有影响力的抵消项目将是大的趋势，例如企业所在地区植树，所在城市的公众碳减排量的购买等。 5）提出碳中和目标带来的品牌口碑的提升：提出碳中和目标有助于企业品牌和口碑度的提升，这个对于企业的管理层，尤其是最高管理层深有感触。所以我们看到提出碳中和目标或规划的都是企业的一把手，例如苹果的Tim Cook，亚马逊的Jeff Bezos,腾讯的马化腾等。所以要撬动所在企业提出碳中和目标，首先需要让一把手看到并且感受到与全球应对气候变化共进退是多么有责任心的事情。 3，Overshooting（超越）：企业提出碳中和目标，具体年份应该怎么选择。中国提出2060碳中和目标，首先参照的是全球2050碳中和目标，作为发展中国家提出仅晚于全球目标十年，也是一种积极和雄心的体现。对于企业而言，我们需要参照两个指标：一个是国家的碳中和目标，先进的企业提出的碳中和目标不应晚于国家的2060碳中和目标；第二是国际同行的碳中和目标，根据行业中其它企业的碳中和目标，提出不低于同行平均水平并且操作层面可行的目标。 4，Spreading（传播）：碳中和目标在中国至少还是个新鲜事，越早提出碳中和目标也能体现企业的行业领先性，越具有传播属性。 比如腾讯提出的碳中和规划（腾讯也还没有明确提出正式的碳中和年度目标），就赢得了无数关注和好评，无数媒体和个人都为腾讯碳中和的规划自发宣传。呼吁企业越早提出越好，免费获得大家帮你传播的机会。 Question 4:提出碳中和目标后，企业应该如何实现 企业提出碳中和目标后，实操层面应该怎么做呢？ 碳阻迹团队也做了一个归纳，总体来说，实现碳中和可按以下CREO路径四步走： 1，Calculating：这跟前面讲的一致，量化碳排放永远都是碳排放管理的重中之重。 2，Reducing：确定了碳中和目标，核算了碳排放数据后，企业首先应该想到的是尽可能去减排，而不是选择抵消和中和。其实“碳中和”在十年前在欧美国家受到了一些环保机构的抵制，觉得这种方式并没有真正起到督促企业去减排的效果，而只是让企业花点钱就实现了自身的“零排放”，这跟全球应对气候变化、企业碳减排的初衷有某种程度上的偏离。所以笔者也认为企业核算好碳排放数据之后首先应该想到的是尽可能的碳减排，尽可能地降低生产运营过程中产生的碳排放。 3，Engaging：对于大多数企业来说，除了自己的减排，如何调动生态伙伴共同减排，这才是价值更大的地方。我们看到有不少企业通过微信小程序等方式鼓励员工参与到碳减排行动中，并给表现突出的员工以精神和物质层面的激励；也看到有些企业开始通过碳管理软件平台来帮助供应链上下游的企业计算、管理和减少碳排放；还有些投资机构也加入其中，不光是管理好自己的碳排放，还会为被投机构提供碳管理的培训和工具，助力Portfolio的碳减排。 4，Offsetting：到了最后一步了，企业做了所有能做的事情，那么有些不可避免的碳排放怎么处理，这时候才是真正的碳抵消了，可以选择种树或者购买碳信用等抵消那部分不可避免的碳排放，实现“零排放”。这里还有一个问题，那些用于企业碳抵消的减排项目或者碳汇项目原则上本身也会产生碳排放，例如光伏的全生命周期产生的排放，森林碳汇运营过程中也会耗费能源产生排放，建议将来的碳抵消项目本身在全生命周期实现了碳中和，这样用于企业端碳中和才更加科学合理。 图片 除了企业自身，日常举办的活动会议（参见碳阻迹前段时间发布的新时代碳中和会议）、生产的产品或提供的服务也都可以实现碳中和。 笔者比较有感触的是，过年期间在三里屯逛街的时候，突然路过了Allbirds的店，早就听说他们的产品都体现了碳足迹或者碳减排量，耳闻不如目睹，进去一看确实非常不一样，产品首先很漂亮时尚，同时各处都体现了产品的环保元素，例如下面这件T恤是用螃蟹壳做的，也体现出来了这件衣服的碳足迹。碳阻迹的咨询师煜坤还从专业的角度对这个碳标签做了一个解读：Allbirds单独把产品全生命周期的交通部分拿出来了，这个很合理，交通很难预测，后续再加进来更合适。笔者亲自体验了这件衣服，确实很舒服，特别适合运动，也确实没有螃蟹味：） 还有桉树做的碳中和的鞋（鞋带用回收塑料瓶做成），各种采用天然材料作为原材料，并且把很多创意都在产品上落地了。最关键的是产品的价格比较合理，跟耐克、阿迪的同类产品价格一致，这就降低了人们参与可持续消费的门槛了。 Btw，我们不是Allbirds的合作方，也没有任何打广告的嫌疑，只是觉得产品确实做得好，碳足迹信息也体现的很聪明，好产品不需要靠自己营销！ Question 5: 某企业2020年度碳排放是10000吨，2021年通过节能减排措施减少了5000吨碳排放，仅向社会排放了5000吨，该企业可以宣布自己减排的量抵消了实际排放的量，实现碳中和了么？ 图片 这个问题也困扰了很多人，最近碳阻迹团队在跟很多企业客户沟通的过程中，他们都不约而同的提出了这样的碳中和思路，这个看起来貌似挺有道理，但仔细分析起来还是有一定误区。 企业通过自己的节能减排措施减少的排放并不是社会认可的碳减排量，碳减排量需要开发成政府或社会认可的CCER或者类似的碳减排产品后，才可以用于碳抵消和碳中和。 企业自身的减排量这里是指自己跟自己的过去比实现了减排，而能开发成碳减排量产品的则是跟行业的基准线相比。所以企业提出通过员工的低碳出行，减少食物浪费、减少一次性物品使用等确实可以减排，但还不能直接把这块的减排量用于自己的碳抵消和碳中和，不过企业可以尝试把这些减碳行为进行量化，在政府部门备案，一来可以实现自己的碳中和，二来也有机会在碳市场里获得真金白银的收益。 很高兴看到中国提出了2060碳中和目标；很高兴看到这么多企业开始提出或正在制定自己的碳中和目标；也很高兴看到企业开始落地碳中和行动方案。我们都要锻炼好身体，争取看到碳中和实现的那一天！
Editor's note: Rachana Gupta is an Indian blogger, poet and freelance writer based in Shanghai. The article reflects the author's opinions, and not necessarily views of CGTN. Launched in 1994, the United Nations' World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year on June 17, to create awareness on combating expanding desertification worldwide. Desertification is the process of degradation of once fertile land into arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas. The main reason for desertification is attributed to overexploitation and inappropriate usage of land areas through deforestation, overgrazing, and substandard irrigation practices. This year's observance, themed "Food. Feed. Fiber" will focus on educating the masses towards efficient production planning, sustainable practices, and responsible consumption. According to the United Nations, land degradation has impacted almost a third of the Earth's arable land in the last 40 years, a landmass of nearly half the size of European Union (4.18 million square kilometres) with Africa and Asia being the worst affected regions because of the destitution and high density of population. Notably, similar to the rest of the world, China has also been facing the negative impact of proliferating land degradation. The country has lost almost 24 percent of its land area to the encroaching desert since the 1950s. As per National Geographic, the Gobi Desert, famously known as "The Yellow Dragon," has expanded by more than 385,000 square miles, the area equivalent to the size of France and Germany combined since then. Additionally, according to a study published by MDPI in April, this year, entitled "Desertification Control Practices in China," the country suffers the desertification-induced economic loss of almost 6.8 billion U.S. dollars annually. The problem is mostly the result of overgrazing by livestock, which dramatically exposes the topsoil to direct sunlight and heat. This exposure significantly shrinks the land's capability to retain moisture content and eventually degrade it to an arid piece of land. To surmount this issue, China has taken several steps which are yielding encouraging outcomes so far. For instance, in 1978, the country commenced a gigantic anti-desertification drive entitled the "Great Green Wall" to construct a massive wall of trees bordering the Gobi Desert to contain its expansion significantly. As per the layout, the project, post-completion in 2050, will cover an enormous landmass of about 4500 km in length. This colossal plantation program will help China to expand the forest cover in north significantly from five to 15 percent. Since the commencement of this project, more than 66 billion trees have been planted in the region, with almost 13 million hectares (an area the size of Greece) of trees planted in only the last few years. Additionally, several laws have also been formulated in the nation in the early 2000s to facilitate the environmental protection initiatives and transformation of degraded land into farms and grasslands. Apart from the government, Chinese tech giants like Alibaba are also taking significant initiatives to fight the increasing desertification in the country. Alipay (Alibaba's virtual payment platform), through its app, Ant Forest, in the past few years, has promoted the low-carbon and energy-saving lifestyle among its users. The app allows users to select from different low-carbon activities in their daily lives, like limiting the consumption of paper and plastic, using digital payment options for settlement of utility bills, or traveling in a green way by taking public transportation or bicycles instead of personal cars or cabs. The company, against each green activity of the users, allocates green energy points to the users, which they can use to grow a virtual tree in the app. Once the virtual tree grows to a certain level, the company, together with its philanthropic partners, plants a real tree in the country's most arid regions. Ant Forest even allows its users to view their trees in real-time via satellite. So far, Ant Forest has managed to attract more than 500 million users, with about 122 million trees planted as a result of this initiative. In June 2017, China, along with UNCCD, launched a Joint Action Initiative (JAI) with the intent to combat desertification, restore already degraded land, and alleviate the effects of drought in the regions along the Silk Road. JAI is also linked with the 2030 global target of achieving land degradation neutrality under UNCCD's Sustainable Development Goals. The initiative, through fighting desertification, also aims to alleviate poverty and improve the livelihoods of masses in the region. Under this initiative, China plans to cooperate with other nations in controlling desertification through technology sharing and professional training. Notably, China has already managed to reduce the desert area at home by 2,424 square kilometres per year during the past decade. As per the nation's Forestry Administration's monitoring report, the desert area in the country has continually shrunk from 1999 to 2014. Ibrahim Thiaw, UNCCD's executive secretary, had also praised China's achievements in this direction, mainly in the severely affected regions, including Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Guizhou Province. He hoped that China would continue to share its experiences and practices with other nations of the world. Therefore, by looking at the overall commitment of the Chinese government, and the aggressive measures of the country in this direction, it seems that China will continue to produce a remarkable result by braving the challenges brought through desertification. Also, it could effectively provide valuable learning experiences to other nations of the world to carry out their anti-desertification drives. Source：CGTN Author：CGTN Date：June 17, 2020
In a significant astronomical breakthrough, scientists have detected the neutral hydrogen line emission from extragalactic galaxies for the first time, with the help of the world's largest radio telescope, which could help enrich the understanding of dark matter. An international team led by the South America Center for Astronomy under the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) worked on the research, analyzing data obtained by the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST). The study of extragalactic neutral hydrogen detection is one of the most important scientific goals of the gigantic telescope. Scientists detected the neutral hydrogen line emission from three extragalactic galaxies using the FAST 19-beam receiver with only five minutes of exposure. This detection shows the extraordinary sensitivity of the telescope. The research outcomes were recently published in the international journal Astronomy and Astrophysics Letter. Cheng Cheng, first author of the research, said neutral hydrogen gas is the most extended baryon in galaxies. "With measurements of neutral hydrogen and carbon monoxide, scientists can estimate the dynamical mass of galaxies at different radii, and they can further study the distributions of baryons and dark matter," said Cheng, also a CAS researcher. Although scientists have obtained a substantial amount of data, more observations are still needed. The team is going to apply for more FAST observation time to further study the neutral hydrogen properties, Cheng said. FAST is located in a naturally deep and round karst depression in southwest China's Guizhou Province. It began formal operation on January 11, 2020, after passing a national assessment. Dark matter is an invisible component of the universe. It is one of the biggest mysteries in modern astronomy. Source：CGTN Author：CGTN Date：July 4, 2020
PetroChina Changqing Oilfield Company, a subsidiary of China's top oil and gas producer PetroChina, is expected to produce 63 million tons of oil equivalent of crude oil and natural gas in 2025. Last year, its oil and gas output reached 57.03 million tons of oil equivalent, the seventh consecutive year that production reached the 50-million-ton level, said Fu Suotang, general manager of PetroChina Changqing Oilfield Company. From 2016 to 2018, China's crude oil production fell for three years in a row, and its imported oil accounted for over 70 percent of the total national demand. Chinese President Xi Jinping gave instructions on "vigorously enhancing exploration and development efforts to ensure national energy security." At the beginning of 2019, China's three state-owned energy giants, including Sinopec, CNPC and CNOOC, launched a seven-year plan to increase oil reserves and production. VCG The oil and gas fields of Changqing Oilfield cover Shaanxi, Gansu and Shanxi provinces as well as the Ningxia Hui and Inner Mongolia autonomous regions. The huge amount of crude oil and natural gas produced since the firm's establishment in 1970 has played an important role in safeguarding the country's energy security. The company has applied new technologies to boost production and extend the life cycle of crude oil and natural gas wells. Changqing Oilfield has so far sent over 420 billion cubic meters of natural gas to more than 40 large and medium-sized Chinese cities including Beijing and Xi'an, helping reduce carbon emissions by around 600 million tons, Fu said. Source：CGTN Author：CGTN Date：June 28, 2020
Greece is already seeing the dramatic effects of global warming, from the latest floods, to the unprecedented events of last summer's wildfires. Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis opened his speech at the COP26 summit in Glasgow last month with a plea for urgent change, showing just how important the issue of climate change is for Greece. "We are running out of time, and we need to act now," he told world leaders last month. Although Greece has a relatively small carbon footprint, it's taking big steps towards a green transition, such as closing coal-fired power stations and a net-zero carbon emissions goal the government said aims "to change the way people live." Source：CGTN Author：CGTN Date：December 21, 2021
Credit: Pexels, Karolina Grabowska UN Climate Change News, 16 December 2021 – At last month’s UN Climate Change Conference COP26 in Glasgow, governments adopted the 10-year Glasgow work programme to further strengthen the implementation of Action for Climate Empowerment (ACE), which has six elements: climate education and public awareness, training, public access to information, public participation, and international cooperation on these matters. Through the Glasgow work programme, countries and companies are for example to be put in a better position to build an appropriately skilled workforce for the just transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies and societies and university graduates are to be enabled to understand how their chosen profession can contribute to the cause of and solutions to the climate crisis. In addition, the voting public can evaluate the soundness of government climate policy decisions; media outlets are empowered to provide reliable, science- and fact-based information on climate change; and consumers of that information can readily distinguish facts from falsehoods. Patricia Espinosa, UN Climate Change Executive Secretary, said: “The strengthened Glasgow work programme on ACE reflects a growing understanding that to keep the Paris Agreement goals of holding global average temperature rise to as close as possible to 1.5°C within reach, everyone, across all walks of life, needs to understand the causes and impacts of climate change, and be educated and empowered to contribute to the solutions.” Activities under the work programme are focused on four priority areas that aim to address gaps and challenges in implementing the six elements of ACE and to create opportunities to accelerate implementation. In 2022, countries will further elaborate on these priority areas by identifying immediate and time-bound activities within each priority area. The four priority areas are: Policy coherence, to strengthen coordination of ACE work at the international and national level; Coordinated action, to build partnerships that bring together different expertise, resources and knowledge to accelerate ACE implementation; Tools and support, to enhance access to tools and support for building capacity and raising awareness among various stakeholders regarding ACE; Monitoring, evaluating and reporting, to strengthen monitoring, evaluation and reporting of the implementation of all six ACE elements. The Glasgow work programme reconfirms the key role that a broad range of stakeholders, such as national and sub-national governments, educational and cultural institutions, the private sector, international and non-governmental organizations, and the media, play in implementing ACE, and promotes cooperation, collaboration and partnerships among the diverse stakeholders. For instance, the ‘Action for Climate Empowerment Hub’, financially supported by the government of North Rhine-Westphalia, is due to commence on 1 January 2022 and will provide capacity building, tools and knowledge to governments and a broad range of other stakeholders across the world, so that they can better engage the public, including young people, in climate action. This initiative follows on from the ACEAT initiative that aims to rethink and reorganise ACE to empower all members of society to engage in climate action. The Glasgow work programme recognises the critical role of youth, as well as their right to engage in decisions and action on climate change. Countries are encouraged to build the capacity of youth to embark on and lead ACE implementation, and to promote youth participation in relevant climate processes at the national and international levels. In 2022, the annual ACE dialogue will focus on the engagement of children and youth in implementing the Glasgow work programme. Source：UN Author：UN Date：December 16, 2021
Credit: UN Climate Change - Kiara Worth UN Climate Change News, 24 November 2021 – In a keynote address today during the Ministerial Dialogue at the Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE) Energy Week, UN Climate Change Executive Secretary, Patricia Espinosa, outlined four key achievements made at this month’s UN Climate Change Conference COP26 in Glasgow, which represent “significant progress” in global efforts to tackle climate change. “I believe that at COP26, Parties built a bridge between good intentions and measurable actions to lower emissions, increase resilience and provide much-needed finance,” she said. The first notable accomplishment highlighted by the UN Climate Chief relates to adaptation to the impacts of climate change, which is now deemed to be equally important as reducing emissions. Following COP26, a work programme exists to define the global goal on adaptation, which will help address the climate impacts already happening in all regions of the world. At the same time, there is now enhanced technical support for countries to address loss and damage related to climate change that will strengthen global efforts towards resilience. Secondly, on the critical issue of finance, governments at COP26 agreed on the need for much greater support to developing countries. "All Parties agreed that much more support needs to be provided to developing countries. They recognized that the most vulnerable cannot be ignored — that much more finance for adaptation is needed — and that it must be predictable," she said. Ms. Espinosa acknowledged the fact that developed countries have yet to live up to the Paris Agreement pledge of $100 billion annually in support to developing countries and underlined the urgency of initiating the process for defining the new global goal on finance as soon as possible. Thirdly, on the urgent issue of bringing down emissions, Ms. Espinosa welcomed the collective agreement by governments to explore ways of increasing actions to close the current emissions gap, which she called a “significant area of focus as we move forward.” "The good news is that proven technologies for a net-zero energy system already exist. Some renewables are now the cheapest option to produce electricity in many parts of the world, but their deployment needs to be accelerated. For their part, governments must lead the way in planning and promoting the required clean energy infrastructure investment, including in matters of transmission and distribution," she said. The fourth significant achievement outlined by the UN's top climate change official include the finalization of guidelines for the full implementation of the Paris Agreement; the compromise reached on Article Six relating to carbon markets, which will ensure a level playing field for everyone; and the finalization of negotiations on the Enhanced Transparency Framework, which allows countries to continue building trust. The UN Climate Chief pointed out that despite the accomplishments in Glasgow, the world is still far off track to stabilizing global temperature rise at 1.5 degrees and urged further and immediate international collaboration to get the world back on track to achieving this goal. See full speech below. It’s a pleasure to be here and to speak about our recently completed negotiations in Glasgow and what they mean for all of us moving forward. Negotiations around a topic as complex as climate change are difficult. Reaching agreements even more so. Such is the nature of consensus building and inclusive multilateralism. I am encouraged however, that we left Glasgow with clarity on the work we need to undertake to reach the 1.5-degree goal. In that vein, I would like to highlight four accomplishments coming out of COP26 that represent significant progress in the world’s efforts against climate change. First is the matter of adaptation which has been central in all our conversations at this COP. And the texts adopted recognize this relevance. It also speaks to the fact that people recognize just how important adaptation is. For so long, the focus has been on mitigation. Mitigation, of course, is extremely important. However, I think this COP really showed that adaptation will no longer be a “secondary” topic, but one of equal importance to mitigation. After COP26, we now have a work programme to define the global goal on adaptation. This will allow us to identify the collective needs and solutions for the climate impacts already happening now in all regions of the world. And the Santiago Network, a network that is about providing technical support for countries to address and manage loss and damage related to climate change, has now been enhanced. This will strengthen global efforts towards resilience. The second matter is finance. All Parties agreed that much more support needs to be provided to developing countries. They recognized that the most vulnerable cannot be ignored — that much more finance for adaptation is needed — and that it must be predictable. And while we also welcome the call to at least double finance for adaptation - the actual needs are still very much beyond what is currently available. Parties must continue to focus on this issue. Parties did not, however, resolve the Paris Agreement pledge that would see $100 billion mobilized from developed nations to developing. This is disappointing and I told all Parties they must make this a reality by next year. After all, this is not just about the $100 billion. It is critical that we initiate the process for the definition of the new global goal on finance as soon as possible. On another front we came into COP26 knowing we had a significant emissions gap. To address it, Parties collectively agreed to look for ways to increase actions to closing that gap. There can be no doubting the urgency of this task. This will be a significant area of focus as we move forward. And lastly COP26 also saw the finalization of guidelines for the full implementation of the Paris Agreement. For those of you who follow our process closely, you will know that this is a very significant accomplishment. After six years of intense negotiations, we have reached a compromise on the pending issue of Article Six. Operationalizing Article Six will allow Parties to scale up their cooperation, mobilize additional finance and private sector engagement and ensure that the rules are the same for everyone. This may not be a headline issue for the public, but it is a major step forward. Another significant step forward was the finalization of negotiations on the Enhanced Transparency Framework. This will allow all Parties to continue building trust, which is absolutely crucial as we move forward. There were several more accomplishments in many different areas — we also saw significant announcements in the non-process part of the COP — including announcements related to finance, forestry, ending coal and work specific to cities and communities. I believe that at COP26, Parties built a bridge between good intentions and measurable actions to lower emissions, increase resilience and provide much-needed finance. A bridge leading to the historic transformation we must make to achieve rapid reductions this decade and ultimately towards the 1.5C goal. The energy sector, of course, will play a crucial role in that transformation. It is no exaggeration to say that energy is at the heart of the climate change emergency, and it must be at the heart of its solution. And if we are to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, nations must commit to a deep and lasting transformation of how they create, use, and distribute energy. Indeed – it is only through a deep-decarbonization pathway that we significantly reduce emissions this decade and ultimately get to net zero emissions by 2050. There is no separate path, there is no alternate universe, there is no Plan B. This is simply what we must do. But our work is cut out for us. It’s not enough to pick the low-hanging fruit of replacing one energy polluting activity with a slightly less climate-damaging alternative. Shifting to less carbon-intensive energy sources remains important of course, but that alone does not get us to our climate goals. The good news is that proven technologies for a net-zero energy system already exist. Some renewables are now the cheapest option to produce electricity in many parts of the world. But their deployment must be accelerated. For their part, governments must lead the way in planning and promoting the required clean energy infrastructure investment, including in matters of transmission and distribution. But we don’t have a moment to lose. The climate stakes couldn’t be any higher. I will leave it to my IRENA colleague (Francesco La Camera, Director General) to perhaps speak in more detail about energy solutions for a green future. Let me conclude by saying that despite our accomplishments in Glasgow, we are still far off the trajectory of stabilizing global temperature rise at 1.5-degrees. We must see more climate action this decade to achieve it. I want to thank you for your valuable contributions in this very challenging two years leading up to COP26. But our work did not end in Glasgow. Time still remains short. The climate emergency still is with us. Our work together therefore begins immediately. Thank you. Source：UN Author：UN Date：November 24, 2021
In 2016, entrusted by Alibaba’s Cainiao, Carbonstop estimated the carbon reduction potential for Alibaba, from four aspects: green transportation, green packing, green recycling, and promote the use of electronic surface sheet, in the next five years (2016-2020), to carry out the promise of "The Green Action Plan".
Based on Cainiao emission reduction plan, in the next five years, the final calculation showed that the total emission reduction will reach 3.62 million tons.
Carbonstop has been updated for the unit carbon emission reduction of Baidu’s green travel. Baidu map has digitized and embodied the low-carbon effect of green transport.
Carbonstop provided Baidu with annual carbon emission accounting services for data centers, smart buildings, commuter cars and charging piles, and quantifies a series of energy saving and emission reduction measures. COP 25 was held in Madrid, Spain. Carbonstop Shared the case of Baidu in the field of low-carbon, sustainable actions and achievements, which attracts international attention.
In 2019, Carbonstop was supported by Vanke foundation to conduct carbon emission reduction accounting for garbage classification in Xishan courtyard community.
In Xishan courtyard community, the amount of waste was investigated according to the actual situation, and the greenhouse gas emission of biological treatment of food waste, composting of garden waste, recycling the recyclable waste, and incineration of other waste were calculated based on the concept of life cycle assessment. Finally, by comparing the difference between garbage classification treatment and garbage un-classification treatment, the carbon emission reductions of three scenarios were calculated respectively.
In 2017, entrusted by Jingdong, Carbonstop quantified emission reduction for its online shopping scenarios and consumption behaviors, helped consumers understand the consumption of the whole year, quantified the green contribution, and enabled consumers to realize the positive impact of purchasing green products online and green consumption behavior on the environment.
This emission reduction accounting focuses on typical green goods and green behaviors, such as purchasing energy-saving goods, choosing green package packaging. In addition, the quantified emission reduction is compared to the public's easy-to-understand behavior of food, clothing, housing and transportation, such as reducing the mileage of driving, reducing the amount of garbage, saving the number of chopsticks, and reducing the use of plastic bags.
A “green” or sustainable meeting “is one designed, organized and implemented in a way that minimizes negative environmental impacts and leaves a positive impact for the host community”, says the Green Meeting Guide, published by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Environmental impacts caused by various reporting materials, transportation, accommodation, air conditioning and other resources used to host conferences or events include air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, garbage, and consumption of paper, plastic, food and other resources. Therefore, in order to reduce the environmental impact of conferences and activities, in recent years, all countries around the world have strengthened the advocacy and implementation of the "green meeting". Carbonstop worked with UNEP to develop the green conference guide. In order to promote the concept and practice of green conference more widely.
After more than eight years of accumulation, the Carbonstop team has compiled and released a database of carbon emission factors covering more than 260 countries around the world.
At present, the data volume has exceeded 80000 and it is continuously collected and updated, becoming the infrastructure for low-carbon industry to conduct carbon emission accounting.
The carbon emission factor database supports many brand carbon accounting projects, including those of Alibaba, Vanke, Baidu, JD and the United Nations.